๐Ÿฆ€Used Technologies

Used languages and technologies

Gyroflow is written in Rust, with UI written in QML. It uses Qt, ffmpeg, OpenCV and mdk-sdk external dependencies for the main program, but the core library is written in pure Rust without any external dependencies.

OpenCV usage is kept to a minimum, used only for lens calibration and optical flow (src/core/calibration/mod.rs and src/core/synchronization/opencv.rs). Core algorithms and undistortion don't use OpenCV.

GPU stuff supports DirectX, OpenGL, Metal and Vulkan thanks to Qt RHI and wgpu. For GPU processing we use OpenCL or wgpu, with highly parallelized CPU implementation as a fallback.

Zero-copy preview in the UI is implemented using Qt RHI and everything from video decoding, through processing to UI display is done on the GPU without the image data ever reaching CPU.

Zero-copy processing for video editor plugins supports: OpenCL buffers, CUDA buffers, Metal buffers and textures, Vulkan textures and DirectX11 textures. The OpenCL and wgpu interop is implemented here, was very challenging to do and resulted in multiple contributions to other Rust packages (#1, #2, #3)

Why Rust?

Rust is an amazing and performant systems language. Gyroflow's nature requires a language that allows to achieve the most possible performance and use CPU cores and GPU devices to the maximum. Rust's fearless concurrency, memory safety and extremely convenient package system allowed Gyroflow to grow very fast and avoid any memory issues and most crashes. This resulted in Gyroflow being extremely stable while using a lot of threading and supporting all possible graphics APIs. Rust's wgpu project fits perfectly for Gyroflow's GPU processing requirements.

Why QML?

Unfortunately most native Rust GUI frameworks are still not mature enough to implement a fairly complex UI like Gyroflow's, while allowing low-level control for zero-copy rendering on various graphics APIs.

QML on the other hand is a very robust and proven UI framework, which provides all necessary features while being implemented in a very efficient way. This ticks all the boxes for Gyroflow's UI requirements and was very easy to work with. It runs natively on DirectX, Vulkan, Metal and OpenGL through Qt RHI.

Rust <-> QML interop is also quite easy through the qmetaobject-rs crate. It required to write some C++ code for some low-level Qt interaction, but even in a complex app like Gyroflow, the amount of C++ needed was very low and acceptable.

QML supports hot-reloading so the UI development is very fast and easy, it has great support for animations and the UI rendering performance is great. The resulting UIs can run everywhere, not only desktop (Windows/Linux/macOS), but also mobile (Android/iOS) and even web browsers with WASM and WebGL.

Other UIs could be written on top of gyroflow_core, but I don't see an use case for that other than for fun.

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